IoT integration frequently fundamentally changes all the processes: Gleb Pyzhov, Vice director of IOTAS
IoT innovations can fundamentally change the industrial sector. Gleb Pyzhov, Vice director of the Internet of Things Association (IOTAS), tells us where smart technologies are the most popular and what legislation requires to integrate the IoT more efficiently.
Interviewer: IoT Conference (IoT)
Respondent: Gleb Pyzhov (GP)
IoT: What Russian manufacturing sectors are integrating IoT technologies most actively? Why?
GP: IoT technologies are most popular in the petrochemical industry, machinery manufacturing, and energy sector. These sectors integrated them many years ago when it was called the computerized process control system (CPCS). As to the speed of integration: agricultural and food industries are the most active. The IoT integration gives the results here almost immediately: there are a lot of neck stages, which allows to solve problems rapidly, to reduce loss, and to advance the way of products to consumers. Consequently, IoT investments are rapidly compensated in these sectors.
IoT: What key challenges are faced by enterprises aiming to run production using IoT technologies?
GP: Psychological problems are the most difficult. There is a set pattern of management: for owners, management team, and employees. The IoT integration frequently fundamentally changes all the processes: both technological and business ones. And it is not always seamless.
Besides, the IoT shows the greatest efficiency during the inter-industry interaction, when forming cross-cutting chains from manufacturers to consumers. The key hindrance here is the unequal penetration of the IoT into various economy sectors and certain vertically-integrated industrial structures.
IoT: How realistic is the emergence of a common standard for the Industrial Internet of Things? How will it affect the industry?
GP: What is real is the emergence of various standards, with each of them being in-demand in a certain area. Developing such standards, it is important, on the one hand, to take into account an opinion of experts and specialists in the real sector, and, on the other hand, to provide the concurrence and harmonization of these standards in the single regulatory and technical space. This is conducted within non-commercial organizations.
It is the Internet of Things Association, which has brought together several working groups on its platform, that focuses on the development of IoT standards in this country. These groups consist of industry gurus, experts, as well as technical committee representatives engaged in the expert discussion and qualified assessment of offered standards and elaboration of tips on their approval.
IoT: What does Russia’s legal framework require to speed up the development of the Industrial Internet of Things?
GP: It requires the understanding of what should be regulated and what should be not. One should not regulate technologies, as it leads to extra procedures: licensing, certifications, approvals, and permissions. We have already faced these issues in the common Internet and telecommunications.
One should focus on the creation of comfortable business climate allowing startups to grow rapidly and investors to put up money smoothly. However, it refers to the whole economy in general.
IoT: What are the core growth drivers of the Industrial IoT in 2018?
GP: Growth drivers are caused by the country’s best possible correlation of framework conditions satisfying the increasing demand at the cost of internal reserves.
For instance, now we can see the real growth in the agricultural sector, and it seems to me that such a trend will continue. Transport and logistics infrastructures are also showing the steady development. We have high hopes for the newly established institute of digital economy, but the results of its activity and implementation of adopted programs will appear in the following years.
IoT: Please share your expectations about the Internet forum – Internet of Things – in Moscow.
GP: It will be the exchange of ideas and experience, new acquaintances, and meetings with partners. I believe that the forum will be efficient, busy, and interesting.
Gleb Pyzhov will be a moderator of the discussion panel called ‘Industrial Internet of Things: Industry 4.0’ where leading specialists will discuss certain aspects of the IoT integration into the manufacturing sector.
Attend the 5th international forum – Internet of Things – in Moscow and discover more about the application of innovative technologies.
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