IoT benefits: how does aviation use the Internet of Things? Part 2
Developers of different countries create smart devices that help to detect lawbreakers in air hubs, take care about the comfort of people staying at terminals, and fulfil other tasks. Besides, the IoT concept expands opportunities for training of pilots. Let’s find out which companies apply IoT technologies in their activities, how IoT helps pilots to learn the basics of aircraft piloting, and which airports use smart devices.
Smart devices in aviation
Police robot at the Chinese airport
AnBot serves at the Chinese airport in Shenzhen. The robot recognizes faces, patrols the territory, and responds to emergencies.
The robot uses cameras and intelligent sensors. When patrolling, AnBot identifies guests of the airport and makes photos of passengers. Then it sends photos to the cloud platform of the air hub’s security service. The robot can apply an electric shocker in emergencies.
In 2018, the world’s first smart tunnel intended for identification has been tested in Dubai airport. Passengers have to go through the tunnel before boarding the plane.
The tunnel has 80 cameras. They can scan people’s faces and irises. If a passenger is not identified, the security service will receive a notification.
The smart tunnel helps to speed up not only the flight registration process but also customs control, and improves security in the air harbor.
Smart chairs at Japanese airports
Panasonic has developed a smart wheelchair. The device will be used to transport disabled people at airports.
Robotized wheelchair moves autonomously using an engine and batteries. It has embedded sensors and an image recognition system that help it to detect obstacles on its way and freely orientate in space. Users can manage the chair with a special smartphone app.
Thanks to the invention, disabled people will have a chance to move around the airport with comfort. All they need to use the wheelchair is a smartphone.
Smart devices at Heathrow airport
Back in 2015, smart displays were installed at the baggage claim terminal of London Heathrow airport. They show relevant information about ground transport and transport fees. Besides, they provide information about weather and traffic jams.
Smart displays receive data from several satellites and by analyzing the timetable of trains.
The IoT technologies are also used in the lavatories of Heathrow airport. Smart toilets are equipped with special sensors. They anonymously count the number of visitors. When it reaches a specified level, the system sends a notification to the staff saying that cleaning is required.
Transportation of animals, luggage, and cargo
German Lufthansa uses IoT devices to track luggage. RFID tags are used for this purpose. They track the transportation of cargo from the terminal to the airport. Travelers can check the location of their luggage using Bluetooth and a special mobile app.
London Heathrow Airport
Siemens has developed a technology for London Airport that helps to prevent the breakdown of luggage trolleys.
The main components of the baggage conveyor systems were equipped with vibration sensors. Bar codes were attached to trolleys to differentiate them. The system analyzes data obtained from sensors on site. This information and data about the trolley is sent to the cloud platform. There the system compares the received data with parameters of a properly functioning trolley. If it manages to find disorders, alerts are immediately sent to airport workers.
Air cargo carriage
Using IoT technologies, SITAONAIR has developed a platform that allows freight carriers to monitor the state of pharmaceutic products during the flight.
When the plane is in the air, a special module gathers data about the state of cargos. Then this data is transferred to the ground dispatch office through the border gateway.
Transportation of pets
Basing on IoT technologies, Unisys has developed Digi-Pet sensor and app. They are intended for the pet owners to be able to watch their favorites during their transportation to the plane and the flight itself.
The sensor is placed into the pet’s cage. Then, using the smartphone app, a passenger will have a possibility to track the location of the pet. The camera in the cage allows watching the pet in real-time. In case the pet suffers some negative effects, an alert is sent to the pet owner and the airline.
Training vehicles for pilots
IoT technologies are used for ground training of pilots. Full Flight Simulators (FFS) are used for this purpose. Currently, they are applied in different air companies including Uzbekistan Airways and S7.
A self-service terminal is placed near the simulator. When a pilot drills piloting skills, the touch-sensitive screen displays the whole simulation process.
Data about simulator training is sent to the special program that conducts data analysis. Such an approach helps to obtain qualitative information about the level of training.
IoT is reshaping the performance of airlines and helps air harbors to provide travelers with a higher level of service. Moreover, IoT technologies are improving different procedures in aviation and making air flights more comfortable and secure. The introduction of smart airports in different parts of the world will allow travelers to avoid routines during flights and use airline services more often.
Find more information about the benefits that the IoT technologies bring to airports, airlines, and passengers in the first part of the article about the IoT use in aviation.