Internet of Things against global hunger: IoT in agriculture
The world population is growing and likely to reach 10 billion people by 2050. Besides, even now, some countries face the hunger issue: for example, from 30% to 100% of the population in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and a range of African countries suffer from hunger.
According to the statistics, up to 40% of the harvest is lost during planting, growing, and crop cultivation. Another 40% is lost during cropping, storage, and transportation. Reducing such losses at least by 30%, we will have a sufficient amount of agricultural products in order to solve the hunger problem in the world. The Internet of Things for agriculture is one of the efficient tools already used by some farmers.
How does IoT function in fields?
1. Watering. Soil humidity is measured by sensors to adjust watering wherever it is indeed required. IoT in agriculture helps to save water as well as technical and human resources.
2. Plowmanship. Unmanned tractors allow to plow up the field pretty fast, especially when the deadline is limited because of the weather.
3. Pest and weed control. One uses pesticides and herbicides in the agricultural sector to enhance the crop productivity. However, their abundance results in the accumulation of toxic agents in fruit. Smart devices dose chemical inputs as efficiently and safely as possible.
For instance, Semios offers systems that automatically calculate the amount of pesticides, depending on the number of insects caught in special traps. There is also a manual dosage: if the amount of pests becomes critical, farmers receive a notification and can make a decision regarding the field cultivating.
Spensa offers a similar system to gardeners: traps on fruit trees monitor large swarms of pests and scatter chemicals in a dotted way. It is cost-effective and eco-friendly.
Rentokil: smart mouse traps. They also use sensors to detect a target, a rat or mouse, and syringe poison near it. Sensors perfectly differ rats from squirrels and other non-harmful animals.
4. Field information collection. Farmers should take into account a variety of factors while planning planting, weeding, plant cutting, and fruit harvesting. The lack of information leads to improper solutions and crop loss. Sensors monitoring composition, smart temperature meters, cameras monitoring growth rates: all of these Internet things significantly help to adopt correct decisions in agriculture.
5. Harvest storage. IoT storage systems, which monitor the carbon dioxide level, temperature, and humidity, can substantially decrease storage losses.
6. Transport tracking. GPS monitoring of agricultural equipment optimizes routes and prevents off-target fuel consumption.
Internet of Things in Russian agricultural sector: plans
Russia is going to integrate the Internet of Things in the agricultural sector by 2035. A year ago, the Agency for Strategic Initiatives and entrepreneurs introduced a food market development strategy called FoodNet. According to this strategy, agriculture will be integrated with automation, artificial intelligence, and Big Data.
Conducting research in Russia, PwC estimates the IoT economic impact at 195 billion RUB. It was reported by the Agroinvestor resource. Besides, 188 billion RUB means savings from staff performance optimization, while 86 billion RUB will be caused by the optimization of fuel consumption and reduction of its loss.