Garbage collection control systems decrease public utility expenses by 40%11 May 2017
According to the World Bank data, a lot of cities around the world will face the issue related with heavy increase of the amount of waste over the next few years. Well, by 2025, the annual amount of garbage will increase from 1.3 to 2.2 billion tons, and its recycling will require twice the size of money – $375 billion. Garbage collection control systems will allow to avoid such expenses.
Operational concept of garbage collection system
The garbage collection control system has been developed within the smart city concept. Every garbage can is equipped with sensors, monitoring the level of its fullness. As soon as the cap is full, sensors send signals to the central server. Specialized software processes the obtained data and select the best possible route for a waste removal truck, taking into account the level of traffic congestion.
The system accumulates obtained information and can forecast the speed of filling of a certain garbage can, creating the route in advance.
Sensors adjusted on trash cans are powered by solar energy and transfer the data across radio environment in real-time mode. In such a way, the system operates autonomously and does not require human intervention.
Such an approach has a lot of advantages:
- prompt service of overfull trash cans;
- optimization of staff working hours;
- reduce of fuel usage and the amount of exhaust gas;
- less amount of waste removal trucks;
- decrease of car and roadway damage.
According to analysts, the implementation of smart garbage collection will allow to reduce public utility costs by 40%.
Major market players and global experience
The main suppliers of garbage collection IoT systems are IBM, SAP SE, Waste Management, Enevo, BigBelly, and Compology. These companies provide maintenance of their own solutions as well.
Waste collection smart systems are already being implemented in many cities of the USA, Great Britain, Finland, Poland, and Spain. British authorities have figured up that the application of such solutions allows to save around £14.7 million per year. The Finns are actively testing Enevo system, while Poland has developed a smart garbage can called Bin-e that, besides other features, also helps to sort waste.