How advanced IoT technologies have changed the agriculture19 October 2016
With the Earth’s population growth and the increase in longevity a need for larger agricultural productivity has appeared. It is an interesting fact that in many countries the agricultural sector in particular has become one of the major factors in the development and introduction of the innovative technologies of the Internet of things. And that is not surprising because IoT can significantly improve the land productivity and make a positive impact on the industries related to agriculture.
Analysts calculate that in 2050 the world will have a population about 9.6 billion people. Therefore, the use of smart technologies in agriculture is an urgent necessity dictated by the realities of modern life.
The introduction of innovations to the agricultural sector means:
- more effective soil preparation before sowing seasons;
- determining the best time for harvest;
- monitoring the soil status and the crops in real-time mode;
- monitoring the livestock health state and timely veterinary care;
- monitoring the technical condition of heavy equipment, prevention of emergencies and so on.
This way the use of IoT technologies allows optimizing the growing crops process, significantly increasing the number of livestock, reducing the cost for irrigation, foddering, fuel and equipment repairs. In addition, the smart farming allows over time to analyze all the factors that affect the productivity of the agricultural sector.
Among the innovative solutions that can be used today is the installation of special sensors that will be able in real-time mode to determine the amount of moisture, the concentration of fertilizers, the effect of weather conditions, etc. Thanks to timely collected and analyzed data, the landowners will understand if grains need watering or perhaps it is already time to schedule the harvest.
With the help of drones experts can assess the condition of the crops and pastures from a bird's-eye view. If necessary, the system will notify the user that it is time to reap the harvest, process plants against pests or to transfer the cattle to another pasture due to its exhaustion.
If using smart tractors, they may not only cultivate the land by moving along the best route but also collect data on the soil status. This way the user will find out whether the fertilization is needed.
According to the statistics, the introduction of the IoT devices and the use of drones makes it possible to reduce the equipment wear by 30% and by one-third the consumption of fertilizers, seeds, fuel and chemicals. Also keeping the smart agriculture will lead to optimal land-use, solve food industry problems and make a positive impact on the environment.