Smart transport: management, technologies and possibilities
The Internet of Things technology is currently applied in not only houses. It also helps build smart cities. Such projects contribute to transport communication and make roads more convenient.
Follow the article to get to know which smart technologies help develop transport nowadays and how they affect the level of comfort and safety.
In 2015, German city Hamburg introduced a test version of a smart roads project.
As part of the program, lanterns were equipped with movement sensors that switched on with an approaching car or a man. In such a way, the city saved on electricity.
When sensors detected a bicyclist, lanterns produced more light thus enabling them to better see obstacles. The system also helped boost safety: in case of accidents, cameras immediately informed police stations.
Smart traffic lights
Copenhagen currently has traffic lights with sensors of precipitations and movement. When it rains, they have to extend green light time by 20 sec so that bicyclists feel more comfortable on a road.
Besides, smart traffic lights are capable of recognition of buses and bicycles to make way for them. As reported by the local authorities, the system reduces bus transportation time by 5-20% and bicycle – by 10%.
Smart parking solutions are currently very popular: they are used in such cities as New York, Shanghai, Hong Kong, and Singapore.
Smart parking apps allow drivers to quickly find free lots nearby and pay for them. Cameras and special location sensors provide information about occupied lots.
Such a solution helps reduce time spent on searching for a parking lot.
Traffic optimization and gasoline economy
Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory are now working on the CIRCLES project aimed at the AI-fuelled optimization of traffic.
The project is based on Flow, a program using machine learning technology.
By analyzing traffic, the system projects all possible variants of right transport communication. Flow chooses the safest and most effective way as well as shows the best way for electric and usual cars to reach a destination point.
Thus, cars avoid by-movements and traffic jams. As the project creators comment, this leads to better transport communication, considerate gasoline economy with a moderate number of vehicles on roads.
Smart car saloons
At CES 2019, Kia Motors presented a smart saloon system for autonomous cars. R.E.A.D. technology recognizes passengers’ mood and changes temperature, lighting, humidity to make driving experience convenient.
The system uses computer vision and sensors analyzing passenger’s electrodermal activity and heart rate.
Charging stations for electric cars
Today, multiple charging stations for electric cars are set up in various countries. In 2018, world’s first electrified road for charging vehicles was opened in Sweden.
2 km of special electric rail was embedded in a public road. To charge a battery, a driver needs to attach an arm to a vehicle. As soon as an electric car leaves this part of a road, an arm automatically disconnects.
The construction of 1 km was estimated at €1 million. According to the builders, an easier form of charging would boost the popularity of electric cars, which would contribute to the environment.
Future of smart transport
Transport experts share the same point of view: smart technologies have to improve the environmental state. As calculated by the satellite telecommunications companyInmarsat, 15% of the world’s 100 major transport companies have already improved environmental protection using the Internet of Things smart solutions.
What is more, about 65% of companies intend to implement IoT technologies into transport to boost their effectiveness in the field of environmental protection.
Join us at VI international forum Internet of Things to hear experts discuss the technology.