Smart home: automation of household processes and cost cutting
Smart household appliances united in a single network and capable of doing routine tasks without user’s participation are designed to make life more comfortable and cost-effective. Smart home automation systems have several modifications, but in fact, they provide similar functions.
How does a smart home function?
Home automation simplifies the control over household equipment and security systems as well as helps to save significant amounts of money. For instance, heating automation allows controlling the climate in a flat and even adjusting it remotely. If a person leaves the house, the system uses sensors to register this fact and changes the heating level according to preset parameters. In such a way, heat consumption is reduced. Moreover, such automation helps to save time and efforts spent on adjustment and control of daily domestic processes, for example:
- turning the light on and off;
- air humidity adjustment;
- control of fire safety sensors;
- analysis of data obtained from motion sensors;
- opening of doors;
- choosing of music;
- voice search;
- switching kitchen appliances on and off;
- heating automation.
Smart home automation systems can do many things; their characteristic feature is flexibility, and customization options. You can hook up several basic devices and sensors as well as many additional devices such as smart coffee machines, washing machines, voice activated speakers, and many others. Several types of smart automation are available that differ by the method of connection and settings.
Types of smart home automation
You can install a smart system in your flat or house on your own or turn to specialists. Some systems require careful planning at the stage of apartment renovation, while others can be installed in complete living quarters. Types of smart homes:
- with a single control center;
- with an open protocol;
- with a closed protocol.
Wired systems stand out for stable operation but they are hard to install and adjust. You should start planning the installation of such a smart home automation system at the stage of construction.
Wireless systems allow for simpler installation and cost less. However, the signal transmitted through a radio channel is less stable.
Centralized automation systems are controlled through a single center and allow programing complex scenarios. Unfortunately, they are too dependent on the operation of the controller.
Decentralized systems are more secure, as devices do not depend on each other. Each of them has a microprocessor with its own memory.
Open-protocol automation systems (for instance, KNX) allow connecting devices from various manufacturers, significantly enlarging the range of choices. A closed protocol implies the use of products produced by one company.
Each of these types satisfies separate needs and demands of users depending on the sizes of apartment, requirements to functions, financial possibilities. Choose a system basing on your needs.