IoT benefits: how does aviation use the Internet of Things? Part 1
IoT technologies can make flights more comfortable and passenger service in harbors more rapid. The Internet of Things allows to track cargos, simplify airport navigation, and reduce travelers’ waiting time. Let’s figure out how the aviation sector applies IoT technologies and what benefits it brings to airports, air companies, and passengers.
Internet of Things in airports and passenger convenience
To develop a smart airport concept, air harbors use sensors connecting people with various objects and databases. Radio beacons are required for navigation, self-service, and travelers’ instructions. Airports do everything possible to make passengers feel comfortable and safe.
Helsinki Vantaa Airport in Finland
This air harbor applies a technology developed by Walkbase. Airport terminals are equipped with sensors. They are connected to mobile devices with activated Wi-Fi. It allows Helsinki Vantaa to determine travelers’ location.
The technology helps to monitor a passenger flow and define customers’ movements and stoppages across the airport.
London City Airport in the UK
The UK-based airport, London City, has developed interrelated sensor network and data concentrator. The technology is used to study a passenger flow in the air harbor. Due to the net of face monitoring sensors and cameras, the airport can estimate the amount of arrived and flied away passengers.
Miami International Airport in the USA
Five hundred indicators are connected to the network in the airport of the largest megalopolis in the Southeastern United States. These sensors send on Bluetooth landing data, information about various outlets and venues to passengers’ mobile devices.
The service is available to attendees who have downloaded and installed the MIA Airport Official app. It allows to scan boarding passes, organize ways among different airport objects, and perform other actions.
Qantas Airlines in Australia
The Australian airline company, along with Samsung Electronics, has launched an entertainment service for air passengers. Using on-board Samsung Gear VR headsets, travelers will be able to watch movies during the flight as well as obtain information about traditions and venues of the location they are heading for.
EasyJet Air Company
A UK-based low-cost company applies the Internet of Things to design staff uniform. Personnel clothes are integrated with LEDs. They are in charge of travelers’ visible tracking. Uniforms are also equipped with microphones for direct communications between passengers and crew members. A LED on lapels shows data on voyages, flight directions, and so on.
IoT in India’s airports
Indian airports are going to use a passenger biometric identification system developed by SITA. It establishes communication with governmental databases, and common systems of aviation companies and airports. This technology is responsible for immigration and border control as well as passenger verification prior to boarding.
Cloud Of Everything technology
It is a mobile app that can be useful in any airport. It is based on the cloud platform collecting and analyzing data on all flights. If the aircraft departure is delayed, late, or cancelled, the service informs passengers of these changes so that they won’t waste their time.
London Heathrow Airport
In autumn 2018, Heathrow Airport announced its plans to install face recognition scanners in departure terminals. Therefore, travelers will no longer require passports and boarding passes for flight check-in. To simplify the registration procedure, one will have to download passport data and photo in a special app.
The new technology will be used in a test mode in the London Airport in 2019.
Planes and airport equipment
IoT technologies help air companies to check proper functionality of aircrafts and monitor operation of their systems. It is implemented using special sensors and wireless network.
UK-based Virgin Atlantic has connected its Boeing 787k air vehicles to the wireless network. Thus, air harbor’s technical services obtain information about aircraft equipment operation. Almost all significant elements of company’s recent airliners, including engines, landing gears, and trailing-edge flaps, are connected to the wireless network.
UK-based Rolls Royce, together with Microsoft, is applying IoT technologies to modernize aircraft engines. Special sensors are installed inside air engines. They collect data on engine functionality, amount of consumed fuel, and analyze other factors. Afterwards, specialists analyze received information and detect breakdowns.
KLM Air Company from Holland
Holland-based KLM uses IoT technologies to monitor certain warehouses storing company’s equipment. A special app obtains data from the nationwide network called KPN LoRa. Information about details and devices is sent to iPad. This technology make engineers’ work more efficient and does not require lots of time to search for necessary equipment.
The Internet of Things is able to provide more upscale and technological airport operation and more rapid and causal passenger service. Many enterprises engaged in the aviation sector are going to comprehensively apply IoT technologies in their activity. The Internet of Things can have a positive impact on the aviation industry development. When airports in various countries will become smart, travels will be more pleasant.