Home automation magic: how it works
A smart home (or home automation systems) is designed to simplify and optimize the daily routine of modern people. Despite the fact that various companies offer users diversified device interaction protocols, smart house systems always function according to the similar concept.
Key features of home automation
Basic capabilities of any smart home are aimed at making human accommodation:
- As safe as possible.
Besides, home automation systems allow to control and significantly reduce energy consumption (and, consequently, its payment). For example, lighting control automation in a smart house is a smart network that switches on/off and regulates the lighting level due to parameters given by the person. Moreover, domestic automation is able to control heating, humidity, signaling and fire security sensors, etc.
Home automation types
Depending on the types of connection, installation, and settings, home automation systems are divided into:
The smart home wired system is solid and reliable; all the appliances are connected to the network using special cables. It is better to plan the installation of wires before or during the full repair, as they are usually hidden in the wall. A signal rate of this installation type is pretty high; damages and breakdowns are a rare phenomenon. However, assembling of the wired smart home is cost prohibitive and requires an accurate planning, because it is difficult and expensive to change, relocate, or complement something post factum.
The smart home wireless system is more convenient and cheaper in terms of assembling. Moreover, it is compatible with wired solutions installed in the house. Obviously, the quality of signal transmission can be a bit poor because of microwave or even mobile phone hindrances. This system can be vulnerable to hacker attacks.
Centralized home automation is based on a special controller that collects and analyzes information about all appliances. It allows to adjust the system and its elements quickly and simply even remotely, using the smartphone app. This feature is very convenient, but it not always functions like we want, as not all the appliances and controllers are compatible.
The decentralized system for controlling household equipment has its advantages. Firstly, the majority of such smart homes are based on the KNX protocol, quite popular and maintenance-friendly. Secondly, all devices are autonomous and independent.
Each of the home automation systems has certain pros and cons, but all of them feature the major advantage of the smart home: the possibility to create individual operational scenarios depending on the owner’s requests.