How IoT technologies influence the formation of smart cities
Architects, designers, manufacturers are willing to develop cities of the future prioritizing well-being and safety of population. Experts forecast that more than a half of the world’s population – from 66 to 70% in different sources – will be living in urban agglomerations by 2050. Let’s find out what the notion of smart home means and what prospects it offers.
Smart technologies in different areas of life
Forward-thinking people are making the most use of the Internet of Things in everyday life. Coffee machines, air conditioners, even irons can be connected to the global web. Owners of such machines set up their functions in a comfortable way. Imagine that you come home and the light is on in the hall, and the kettle is boiling in the kitchen.
For example, one can combine surfing the Internet and having a snack with Samsung fridge that has a touch screen display, speakers, and net connection.
Many of us most probably forget to check water and electricity meters once a month and write down readings. Now devices can send data to property management companies on their own and online payments are available. Smart sensors also report about overconsumption, emergencies, and other disorders allowing saving on resources and labor costs. The accounting mechanism is being improved and housing and community infrastructure may gradually become useless.
Fitness bracelets, pulsimeters, cardio sensors, and other gadgets enjoy popularity among sportsmen. The assortment is quite big. They accumulate and analyze information about changes in the state of health. Different devices monitor motion activity, heart rate, intake and expenditure of calories. This data is sent to cloud storages and enables users to monitor health changes. A user can make conclusions about such parameters as unbalanced diet, excessive or light load, etc.
Some people find specific devices vital. Such companies as iHealth, MyStar, AkibaH developedspecial apps for people with diabetes that turn their phones into glucometers.
Medical firm Orlando Health invented a stethoscope that can be connected to a smartphone. Something similar was developed by the Japanese – an app called Respiratory Sounds Visualizer, which is an electronic phonendoscope.
Transport and roads
Maps, Yandex Navigator, GLONASS – all of it represents IoT. Drivers learn about traffic jams, accidents and other driving situations in advance and can correspondingly build routes and bypass routes. Artificial intelligence receives and processes data, provides users with results. With time, the number of congestions will reduce to the minimum, highway traffic will be streamlined.
Road traffic and work of traffic lights is also regulated and corrected by AI. Self-driving cars are being tested, and the notion of road traffic can fall into oblivion in the future. National Technological Initiative Autonet reports that unmanned vehicles will emerge in Russia and Tatarstan next spring.
Office buildings, streets, ATMs, entrance halls of apartment houses are equipped with surveillance systems. Cameras records all ongoing things, thanks to which wrongdoings can be quickly suppressed. Anyone can assemble a security and fire alarm system, video surveillance, or install access control system at home or in an office. Many agencies and organizations offer security services.
Law-enforcement agencies in Russia and abroad use AI for identification and search for people and objects. Such programs as the US Series Finder research different unlawful acts, analyze behavior patterns of criminals, and compile their psychological profiles.
Innovations are implemented in the agricultural sector, from farms to agricultural holdings. Many processes are automated: irrigation systems, monitoring of humidity, temperature, and chemical composition of soil, and many other things. Optimization of agricultural activities allows reducing the consumption of raw materials and the level of industrial waste.
Spirit autonomous tractors produced by the Russian company Cognitive Technologies can be mentioned as an example. After being trained, they can drive, cultivate land, and find dangerous objects autonomously. As a result, stones and pebbles are removed in advance and mechanical parts of agricultural equipment remain undamaged.
IoT in the urban space
Ubiquitous adoption of AI has complicated the functioning of cities without ordinary citizens noticing it. Street lamps turn on when it gets dark, outdoor sensors define air composition. Workers of municipal services clean garbage cans according to the schedule drafted by computers. Water supply and sewerage systems are also controlled remotely.
For instance,Vladimir city already uses smart street lamps produced by Lighting Technologies. Thanks to them, the city has managed to save around 60%as compared to ordinary expenditures on illumination of streets and yards.
It is hard to imagine modern life without Internet and gadgets. Technological progress will not stop and we can expect even greater adoption of smart devices in our everyday life. On one side, it simplifies many areas of life. On the other side, it makes us dependent on technologies. Therefore, it would be better to maintain balance and rely on yourself – to avoid the situation when the absence of a specific device brings you to a deadlock.