What makes medicine smart? Review of smart solutions for healthcare
Smart medicine is a complex of medical processes that involve state-of-the-art technologies, including robotics, the Internet, blockchain, and AI. Many countries work on the creation of advanced medical equipment and informational healthcare systems. Read the article to find out the main directions of smart medicine and leading countries in this sphere.
Smart healthcare gadgets
The term ‘smart’ in medicine also means smart healthcare devices like wearables and smartphone apps. The lion’s share of microelectronics manufacturers adds such gadgets to the product line.
For example, Philips released Philips Lifeline GoSafe, an alert pendant with a body position sensor. A human suffering health problems can press a special button to call a doctor. If he or she falls in the street, the pendant will automatically call the ambulance. Besides, GoSafe detects a patient location.
There exist lots of gadgets that track heart rate with different accuracy and functionality ranging from fitness trackers to Holter monitoring of those diagnosed with cardiopathology. By the way, all the rest equipment for hospitals and clinics becomes more compact. For example, Mobisante (the U.S.) created a smartphone ultrasound device.
Robots in medicine
When asked what smart medicine is, robotics should be mentioned. Nowadays, robots tend to monitor, rehabilitate, and even carry out operations.
For example, the American company Intuitive Surgical created a robotic system Da Vinci that helps a surgeon by displaying the video with his or her manipulations.
Meanwhile, an analog of Da Vinci came out in Russia recently. Google experts are known to work on the similar platform involving computer vision.
A year ago, Restoration Robotics presented ARTAS assisting aesthetics surgeons with hair replacement. The robot is responsible for routine work: split of a hair follicle and selection of a replacement point.
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (Israel) has already showcased the robotic arm Kinova Mico that can play active games with patients thus rehabilitating them.
Virtual medical records
Smart medicine refers to not only devices but also software. Digital data storage would make healthcare service high-quality and eliminate paperwork. This would simplify patient transfer between clinics, solve the problem of lost keys, help accelerate obtaining results of analyses and examination.
Thus, in Kazakhstan, City Health Administration elaborates the Unified Situation Center allowing to file patient virtual records and contacts. The service will provide the information about clinics and hospitals online. By the way, employers would have an opportunity to authenticate sick leave certificates. The project is planned to be launched by the end of 2018.
The reality shows that in the majority of countries smart medicine embraces only certain services or is available at private clinics only. For example, you can make an appointment with a physician at the municipal hospital using gosuslugi.ru service.
Private Russian clinics are advised to introduce a hospital information system (HIS). It helps boost patient retention and file medical records. The functions embrace SMS and email notifications, online appointment, payment for clinic’s services via online services, e-poll, and virtual patient cabinets.
Some developers combine healthcare services and blockchain. For example, Robomed Network creates an ecosystem of connected clinics. Users can also get in touch with a consulting physician online and check their virtual medical record.