Economy is destined for negative shift without IoT technologies: Andrei Kolesnikov, Director at the Internet of Things Association
Low budgets and the lack of knowledge are major problems slowing down the integration of IoT technologies in Russia, according to Andrei Kolesnikov, a director at the Internet of Things Association (IOTAS). In an interview with the fifth international forum – Internet of Things, the expert shares information about the development of the Internet of Things in Russia, reveals barriers to the integration of technologies and assesses the prospects for the emergence of smart cities in Russia.
Interviewer: Internet of Things Forum (IoTF).
Respondent: Andrei Kolesnikov, Director at Internet of Things Association (AK).
IoTF: What of the Russian industries is the most promising for the integration of IoT technologies?
AK: The most promising sector for the integration of IoT technologies is agriculture. The reason is quite simple: the integration of IoT in agriculture immediately produces a marked effect, in other words, investments are repaid relatively fast. Manufacturers are able to double their profit due to a single analysis of big data collected by agricultural equipment sensors.
For example, the experience in application of the AgroSignal system shows that the efficiency can be increased by 100%; the saving of material values by reducing their losses can reach 50%; the crop productivity can grow by 10-15% in some cases.
The system controls agricultural equipment logistics using sensors in 150 farms of the total area over 2 million hectares. Designing systems monitoring agricultural products from a farm to a store, one can reduce loses, improve the quality of products, and decrease their prime cost.
IoTF: What does prevent the integration of IoT technologies in Russia: the lack of legal framework, technical issues, or anything else? What are the ways to eliminate these problems?
AK:The barriers include the absence of money for the integration and the lack of knowledge. Besides, we do not have enough budgets to investigate how Russian major corporations are integrating the IoT. Moreover, it is quite important to understand the significance of process formalization. It is the process that can be digitalized, but not a mess.
IoTF: How actively is the government sector (transport, public utilities) integrating IoT technologies now? Are there any prerequisites to the emergence of smart cities in Russia?
AK:IoT technologies are being integrated pretty fast. However, as I’ve already mentioned, people are not always ready for such an integration. Besides, there is a huge disparity between major Russian cities (primarily Moscow) and the province. Unfortunately, it is very difficult to overcome this disparity.
Moscow budget for the development of IT technologies deeply varies from budgets of other regions. One is paying special attention to the digitalization of regions at the state level: everyone realizes that the digital economy cannot be built in single Moscow. At the same time, we can be proud of Moscow: our capital is included in the world’s top ten digitalized cities.
IoTF: What is the role of cyber security regarding IoT solutions in Russia?
AK:It is a significant aspect in all economic sectors, which is developing along with the Internet of Things. If one strikes a balance between interests of protectors and innovators, cyber security will be all right.
IoTF: In what sectors could the integration of IoT technologies become obliged in future for the efficient operation?
AK:The IoT is rather not a technology but a technological phenomenon, a set of technologies and principles. The IoT will be integrated into all areas, besides it refers not to the distant future but to the present day. The economy is destined for the negative shift without these technologies. Digitalization is a challenge, therefore the authorities pay so much attention to these issues.
Do you think the Russian IoT market is more leaning toward hardware or software solutions? Please explain the reason.
Unfortunately, the Russian market leans toward the integration of technologies developed beyond Russia. The country supports its own software, thus the prospects are better in this aspect. But one should also give preference to Russian hardware. The example is the support of the development of Russian microelectronics, which is quite important in designing apps related to the Industrial Internet of Things.
The Internet of Things forum in Moscow will involve Gleb Pyzhov, a vice director of the Internet of Things Association (IOTAS). He will become a moderator of the panel discussion titled ‘Industrial Internet of Things: Industry 4.0’.
Meet the representative of IOTAS at the conference and discover what production sector of the future is required for cities!