Alexey Sechkin: a significant stage of each major adoption is a pilot
Read an interview with Alexey Sechkin, a speaker of the Internet of Things forum, in order to discover why foreign IIoT solutions are frequently not appropriate to Russian businesses and how to avoid risks related to the Industrial Internet of Things.
Alexey Sechkin is Director of Innovative Technologies and Solutions Center at Jet Infosystems. Jet Infosystems is one of the largest Russian IT service providers. It is also included in the top 5 information protection companies (according to TAdviser Report).
We talked to Alexey Sechkin to find out how to minimize risks of IIoT integration into manufacturing processes and how modern businesses could benefit from technologies.
Interviewer: Internet of Things forum (IoT)
Respondent: Alexey Sechkin (AS)
IoT: The Control Engineering article states that data collection and accumulation operations have become more economically-viable due to the application of next-gen wire and wireless sensors. Are you agree with this statement?
AS: Surely, new wireless technologies and sensor cost reduction provide new opportunities for telemetrics collection. However, the wireless communication medium can be not always used at manufacturing site.
It is caused by high security requirements, and wireless communication is usually less protected. Therefore, you should constantly assess data significance, compare them to the reliability of communication medium as well as the reliability of applied equipment and protocols.
IoT: The Internet contains a lot of materials about the Internet of Things. Some of them say that IIoT is one of the Internet of Things components, others stress that IoT and IIoT are two absolutely different technologies. What is the difference between these terms?
AS: There are two streams. The first one is “smartness” of everything on the B2C market. In several years, SIM cards will be embedded into customer devices right at the factory, while gadgets will be connected to the Cloud and create a single user experience for people at home, at work, and in transport.
The major goal is to make the world around more user-friendly, collect plenty of user data, and sell as many things as possible. One will learn everything about you and could prepare purchase offers and calculate a credit in advance using artificial intelligence. Actually, people will be included in the global Internet of Everything ecosystem and will consume previously predicted stuff.
The Industrial Internet of Things is another story. Mass production automation started in the second half of the past century. It was then that sensors, controllers, and technological networks appeared. Eventually, the technology stack was expanding. Now, a controller is an industrial computer. Data transfer service networks were also growing in terms of standards and applied technologies.
The Industrial Internet of Things means telemetrics and telemechanics, which have been applied at production site over half a century. They are complemented with new information collection and transfer technologies. It is important that computing capacity is much cheaper, and there is a possibility to apply new data processing algorithms such as artificial intelligence and machine learning. These technologies allow to process Big Data that help to find new ways of production optimization.
IoT: IoT market experts assert that the retail future belongs to IIoT. How can IIoT devices assist in the sales sector?
AS: Retail is one of the fastest industries. It is extensively integrating something new, allowing to cut expenditures and increase profit. But it has certain limits: for instance, the payback period is critical here. That is why many foreign solutions are inappropriate because of their high price. Thus, there is a niche for Russian solutions.
IoT: What Russian companies use the Industrial Internet of Things, and what is the result?
AS: There is a good example of solutions for collecting telemetrics from machines. Processing of these data helps to enhance the level of machine tool fleet utilization. Similar solutions are already integrated for 10 thousand machines, showing great results.
Solutions for energy efficiency improvements are also implemented in various business areas. Frequently, production and retail have no understanding of specific consumption at different sections, which complicates the achievement of enterprise efficiency.
IoT: What risks can one face when integrating IIoT into manufacturing processes? How to minimize them?
AS: Intervening into the technical process, you can obtain negative results in case of incorrect designing, integration, or support. The recipe for success is to attract a competent and reliable partner, build a team interested in the project advancement, and use high-quality technological solutions.
IoT: How much time and how many resources are required for an average company to integrate IIoT into its processes?
AS: Everything depends on enterprise’s and partner’s scale and accumulated experience in solving such tasks. This can take from two weeks to several years.
IoT: Is it possible to gain economic impact from IIoT integration on a short-term horizon? Ifso,whatconditionsareneeded? If not, why?
AS: If you aim to get data on production situation, prepare reports, control given parameters in real time, this can be achieved right after the integration. A pay-off period of projects highly depends on the cost of solutions and correctness of the initial hypothesis. Therefore, a significant stage of each major adoption is a pilot.
Alexey Sechkin from Jet Infosystems will speak at the specialized forum, Internet of Things, to be held in Moscow on March 27. The speaker will tell the audience how modern IIoT technologies allow to enhance the energy efficiency in retail and share his best practices with conference guests.